Talk on Passive and deterministic photon-atom gates

07.11.2017 14:00 - 15:00

Barak Dayan from the Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel, gives a talk on Passive and deterministic photon-atom gates.

Single-photon Raman interaction (SPRINT) is a passive, interference-based effect that creates a deterministic coupling between single photons and a 3-level quantum emitter such as a single atom. As recently demonstrated [1,2], SPRINT enables controlling the state of a single atom deterministically by a single photon. It requires no control-fields, takes place 'automatically' at the timescale of the cavity-enhanced spontaneous emission, and can be harnessed to perform a variety of photon-atom and photon-photon quantum gates [3,4].

I will describe our recent demonstration of a SPRINT-based quantum SWAP gate between a flying photonic qubit (encoded in the two possible input modes) and a stationary atomic qubit.  

Our realisation relies on a nanofiber-coupled microsphere resonator coupled to single Rb atoms. We apply the SWAP gate twice to demonstrate a passive quantum memory, i.e. to map the state of a photon onto the atom and then back onto a readout photon, achieving non-classical fidelities (0.74-0.77) in both directions at ~70% efficiency, with ~ 50 ns gate time. Requiring no control fields and applicable to any waveguide-coupled material Lambda system, this scheme can potentially provide a versatile building block for quantum networks and for the manipulation of single photons and photonic states.



[1] Science 345, 903 (2014)

[2] Nature Photonics 10, 19 (2016)

[3] Phys. Rev. A. 82, 10301 (2010)

[4] Phys. Rev. A. 95, 0333814 (2017)

Host: Philip Walther
Ernst Mach lecture hall, Boltzmanng. 5, 1090 Vienna
Measurement of the photon-to-atom SWAP fidelity.